The Event Horizon Telescope project is gaining momentum and scope – world science has received a second, much more detailed image of the black hole M87. The group of scientists who created the first historical image of a black hole two years ago became the backbone of a new team of more than 300 specialists. Now they focused on individual parts of this space object, and were able to record the presence of the most complex and powerful flows of magnetic energy at the black hole.
At the moment, practical observations of M87 over and over again confirm the conclusions of theoretical physicists – this black hole 55 million light years away has become a kind of scientific aid on a global scale. It was revealed that the dark orange glow is the energy thrown out from the hole during the process of absorption of matter by it. But the energy does not just flow into space, it passes through a series of peculiar magnetic filters, the parameters of which scientists have been able to measure with fairly high accuracy.
The new image clearly shows the lines along which the magnetic fields twist the energy, giving it a certain shape. This forms a kind of shell around the black hole, but why is it so heterogeneous? Very uneven gaps are visible between the lines, they themselves also have different widths and brightness – this magnetic turbulence works according to still unknown principles.