November 2 marked the 20th anniversary of the first long-term mission aboard the ISS, known as ISS-1. In other words, exactly 20 years ago passed the last day when humanity was united and lived only on our planet. Since then, at least a few people have continuously been in space outside the Earth.
Prior to this mission, NASA had limited itself to short orbital sorties that lasted only a few weeks. In the mid-1990s, the agency began undertaking longer operations, sending astronauts to the Russian Mir station for several months. And since the beginning of the 2000s, this has become the new norm.
As part of the ISS-1 mission, three astronauts went to the orbital station on October 31, 2000: from Russia, Yuri Gidzenko and Sergei Krikalev, from the USA – Bill Shepard. They stayed on board the ISS for 4.5 months and went to Earth when their shift arrived, which has been at the station for more than five months. This mission received an equally laconic name ISS-2.
Now the participants of the 64th mission are on the ISS. NASA decided to celebrate the anniversary of the operation and organized a series of events that included both members of the current expedition and veterans of the historic ISS-1. All broadcasts of the festival are conducted on the Internet. By connecting to NASA streams, you can not only observe the everyday life of astronauts on board the station, but also learn the history of its creation and scientific research that has been carried out on it during these 20 years.